The ancient Egyptian civilization was the world’s longest-running civilization, the source of such wonders as the Pyramids of Giza, papyrus, mummies, and pharaohs.
What you do not know about the pharaohs.. facts about the ancient Egyptian civilization:
The ancient Egyptian empire spanned more than 3,000 years and an estimated 170 pharaohs, from Narmer, who ruled in the 31st century BC, to Cleopatra, who ruled until 30 BC, and the role of the pharaoh in the empire was very important, exceeding that of the typical king in terms of its extension to the religious and political spheres.
In this article, we will mention some of the most important facts that are not sufficiently known about the Pharaonic civilization.
- Make-up for men and women
Both male and female pharaohs wore make-up, most notably placing black eyeliner around their eyes, and it is believed that this served several purposes: cosmetic, practical (as a means of reducing light reflection), and it was also a spiritual process due to the fact that drawing eye make-up in the almond shape reinforced their similarity with the god Horus.
- The Pharaohs were religious and political leaders.
The responsibility of the pharaoh was to lead Egypt in religious and political affairs. These dual roles were accompanied by distinctive titles such as “the high priest of every temple” and “lord of the lands.” As a spiritual leader, each pharaoh was expected to perform sacred rituals and act effectively as a conduit between the gods and the people, while at the same time, political leadership included more pragmatic concerns such as legislation, diplomacy, and the provision of food and resources to the people.
- Make-up for men and women
- Their beards were fake.
The Pharaohs were commonly pictured with lengthy braided beards, although in reality, they were all likely clean-shaven. The beards were impersonations of the god Osiris, who is represented with a lovely beard. Indeed, facial hair was so fashionable that Hatshepsut, Egypt’s first female pharaoh, donned a false beard.
- Cat worship in Ancient Egypt
Cats were worshipped by the Ancient Egyptians, who were the first to domesticate them. Cats, unlike other animals, were typically mummified and interred in tombs devoted to the goddess Bastet, and there were heavy punishments for mistreating, murdering, or eating the cats. Wooden, stone, and metal cat figures may be found in museums and collectors all around the world.
- The ancient Egyptians drafted one of the first recorded peace treaties.
For more than two centuries, the Egyptians fought against the Hittite Empire for control of territory in modern-day Syria, and the conflict led to bloody clashes such as the Battle of Kadesh in 1274 BC, but by the time of Pharaoh Ramses II, neither side showed a clear victory. With both the Egyptians and the Hittites facing threats from other peoples in 1259 BC, Ramses II and the Hittite king, Hattusili III, negotiated a famous peace treaty. This agreement ended the conflict and ordered that the two kingdoms help each other in the event of a third-party invasion. The Egyptian Hittite treaty is now recognized as one of the oldest surviving peace agreements, a copy of which can be seen above the entrance to the United Nations Security Council Chamber in New York.