Temple of Abydos:The Story of the legend of Isis and Osiris
Eng

Temple of Abydos:The Story of the legend of Isis and Osiris

One of the most important civilizational centers throughout ancient Egyptian history, despite the passage of more than 33 centuries, but it still stands tall to remain a witness to life in ancient Egypt, as it was a witness to the story of the eternal love of Isis and Osiris. He received many titles, perhaps the most famous of which is “Ta Wer”, meaning “the great land.”

The Temple of Abydos: The Story of the Eternal Love of “Isis and Osiris”

Temple of Abydos

The Temple of Abydos: One of the most important ancient Egyptian temples, its unique architectural design, the beauty of its inscriptions, and the splendour of its colors, along with the rare drawings contained within its walls, earned it a special historical significance.The word Abydos is a Greek name derived from one of its ancient hieroglyphic names, “Abju”, which was a center for the worship of the deity “Khenti Amentio” before becoming a major center for the worship of “Osiris,” one of the richest archaeological sites in Egypt.

Temple of Abydos

مقالات ذات صلة

King Seti I began constructing the temple in the late eighties of the thirteenth century, and its construction and inscriptions were completed by his son, King Ramses II. The city of Abydos, in which the temple is located, was called the Al-Araba Al-Mudfun area, because it was buried under the sand, and this may have been a reason for it to remain in its design and antiquities. Even today, the sand covers the vast majority of its antiquities, which have not been excavated or discovered yet.

Temple of Abydos

The city has been famous since the dawn of history for its sacred religious status as the main center for the worship of the god Osiris, the god of resurrection and reckoning in the afterlife.

The majority of the temple is made of white limestone, and its columns are L-shaped sandstone, as opposed to the rectangular pharaonic temples.It includes 24 columns, in the form of papyrus bundles, and their crowns are in the form of a flower that did not bloom. These columns are organized into two rows, each row of 12 columns, inscribed with scenes from different aspects of the life of Ramses II. One scene depicts Khnum, the god of creation and water, and a second scene shows Ramses. The second, sponsored by Hathor and Isis, and another scene from the king’s purification ceremony, these columns form corridors leading to another hall.

Temple of Abydos

As for the second hall, it includes 36 columns arranged in three rows; each row has 12 columns as well. The third row is slightly elevated in a way that makes it look like a sloping rise, unlike the incline of one of two degrees facing the middle aisle, created by the rows of columns. The columns are usually shortened in all ancient Egyptian temples the closer the person approaches the prayer niche, due to the low level of the roof of the temples, but in the Temple of Abydos, The columns shorten due to the natural elevation of the ground as we approach the niches.

The temple of Abydos is famous for the legend of “Isis and Osiris”, in which the legend tells of the killing of the god Osiris at the hands of his brother Set and his control of the throne. At the same time, Isis hit the ground chasing her husband’s corpse until she found it in Byblos, but Set succeeded in stealing the corpse and cutting it into forty-two sections and distributing it to the governorates of Egypt. But Isis did not give up and collected the remains of her husband from all over Egypt.

Temple of Abydos

The lands of the temple of Abydos are considered sacred in the eyes of the ancient Egyptians, as it had a sublime religious position in the pharaohs’ belief, thanks to its association with the ancient idol of the people, Osiris. The ancient Egyptians believed that the head of the god Osiris was buried in this area.

Also read : The White Desert of Egypt…the Wonder of the World’s Deserts

زر الذهاب إلى الأعلى