Kom Ombo is one of Egypt’s most unusual temples. The ancient Egyptians thought it was important to segregate their temple places within one temple due to the war between Sobek and Horus.
The wonder of Kom Ombo temple, Aswan
Kom Ombo, one of Ancient Egypt’s most remarkable temples, was mostly constructed during the Ptolemaic Dynasty from 180 to 47 BCE, but there is evidence that it stood atop an older temple.
The temple is unique in that it is actually a double temple dedicated to Sobek, the crocodile god, and Horus, the falcon-headed god. The design combines two temples into one, with portals and chapels on each side.
While most of Kom Ombo Temple has been destroyed over the centuries, it has been partially rebuilt and now houses a number of well-preserved and interesting reliefs, including several finely carved columns and friezes split between the two gods.
The temple was called “Kom Ombo”, where “Kom” means “hill” and “Anbu” means gold, because this city controlled the roads that led to gold mines.
From the inside, the Temple of Kom Ombo is very similar to the Temple of Edfu and the Temple of Philae from the inside in terms of architecture and design, as there is a front yard, columns, statues, and interior halls until it reaches the halls of the Holy of Holies. Inside the temple, there are a number of inscriptions and drawings that show the ancient pharaonic life and religious rituals that the ancient Egyptians performed in order to worship the gods.
The ancient Egyptians believed that Horus, besides being the god of victory, was also a doctor, so people made pilgrimages to Kom Ombo for healing, since the Kom Ombo temple was famous for its healing qualities.
A particularly stunning scene may be found on the interior of the temple’s rear wall! It is the first depiction of medical and surgical tools being offered to a sitting deity. 2,000-year-old representations of scalpels, suction caps, bone saws, and dental equipment may be seen here!
The Crocodile Museum in Kom Ombo, Aswan
The Crocodile Museum is located in front of the Kom Ombo Temple, which was dedicated to the worship of the god Sobek, who takes the form of a crocodile. The museum includes a model of a crocodile cemetery, a large number of crocodile mummies of different ages and lengths, in addition to coffins used to contain the mummies of this sacred animal, and paintings depicting offerings to Sobek.
The Kom Ombo temple has a story about a ruler named Ombo who had an only son, and one day a priest told him that his son would die in his youth. The child grew up with his father, and the prophecy still terrifies the ruling father, so he approaches all the gods to save his son from death.
One day, when the son was swimming in the Nile, a large crocodile devoured him and killed him. The father became very angry and set up a large trap for crocodiles.
He dug beside the river course a path to which the water would travel so that he could kill crocodiles. He would take the killed crocodiles, mummify them, and hang them on the walls of the temple in the hope that it would ease his pain and grief for his only son.
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