Mountain of the Dead: One of Siaw's Archaeological Landmarks
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Mountain of the Dead:One of Siaw’s Archaeological Landmarks

Many of Egypt’s ancient tombs contain tidbits of history, making it a popular tourist destination for archaeologists. one of theses famous tombs is The mountain of the dead or Gebel al-Mawta

The Mountain of the Dead: One of Siaw’s Archaeological Landmarks

Mountain of the Dead

In 1944, nearly seventy-six years ago, and during the outbreak of World War II, the people of Siwa were forced to flee from the fires of the battle between the German, Italian, and British armies, to head to a conical mountain, located only 2 km from the city, which contains a number of caves and small cavities, to be surprised by one of the most important archaeological discoveries in Siwa Oasis and perhaps in the entire Western Desert.

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This is how the people of Siwa found the Mountain of the Dead. They discovered that these small cavities are actually small tombs that cover the surface of the conical mountain and are filled with hundreds of wonderful mummies that amaze everyone who sees them.

Mountain of the Dead

The mountain of the dead reaches a height of more than 500 meters, with calcareous soil, very similar to a beehive with small eyes, formed of stone in the form of regular and successive rows in a geometric shape similar to the shape of the ancient oasis, which is a large number of basements, from which gaps extend dedicated to the burial of the dead, containing more than 3,000 tombs.

The Mountain of the Dead is one of the most beautiful ancient Egyptian cemeteries, as it was burials for the dead belonging to the twenty-sixth dynasty, and burial continued in this cemetery until the Ptolemaic and late Roman or Byzantine eras, that is, even before the Islamic conquest of Egypt in the seventh century AD, meaning that the burial process continued for more than 10 centuries, so it combines in its design ancient Egyptian art and Greek art.

Mountain of the Dead

The Mountain of the Dead is famous for four cemeteries in the mountain: the tomb of Isis, the cemetery of Bathut, and the crocodile cemetery, which represents a three-chambered cave-like structure, the owner of which has not yet been identified, and the cemetery of Thiber Bathut, which is decorated with drawings and inscriptions dyed in red, which dominates the pottery used in Siwa until today.

The tomb of “Si Amun” is the most beautiful tomb discovered in the Western Desert, and it belongs to one of the rich Greeks. The tomb includes complete scenes that translate the ancient Egyptian belief in resurrection and immortality, and the walls of the tomb reflect a clear fusion between Egyptian and Greek art.

Mountain of the Dead

The Mountain of the Dead is characterized by being one of the wonders of that oasis, which is more than 650 km from the capital, Cairo, and is also characterized by different legends and stories. One of those legends says that the stability of the population of the mountain area, which does not exceed 340 people, is due to the fact that an old man dies in the evening if a child is born in the morning, and the strange thing is that this coincidence actually happened to them a lot, which made them believe in that legend greatly.

Also read : The Gara Cave in Egypt …the miracle of the nature

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