The Step Pyramid of Djoser, The pyramids are the most famous monuments of ancient Egypt and still fascinate people in the present day. One of these fascinating monuments is the Pyramid of Djoser at Saqqara.
The Step Pyramid of Djoser .. the story of the oldest huge stone pyramid in history
The Djoser Pyramid symbolizes a significant advancement in architectural and technical history. It is not just the first Egyptian pyramid, but also the world’s first pyramid.
The ancient Egyptians had deep beliefs about the afterlife, as they buried their rulers with their goods (and sometimes even their slaves!) so that they did not need anything in the hereafter. Prior to the Djoser Pyramid, pharaohs were traditionally interred in rectangular tombs composed of mud slabs called mastabas (meaning “benches”).
This step pyramid was built for Pharaoh Djoser between 2667 and 2648 BC, setting new norms for the Egyptian ruler’s funeral ceremonies by piling mastabas on top of one another and eventually decreasing them to form the shape recognized today as the Step Pyramid.
The pyramid and its surrounding complex were created to be stunning and to induce awe. Djoser was so pleased with his achievement that he had his name and Imhotep etched beside his own on a pedestal within the Egyptian pyramid.
The Djoser Pyramid rises to 62m in height, with a massive burial shaft 28m deep and 7m wide at its heart. It was the highest building in the world at the time.
The pyramid was not merely a unique construction; it was surrounded by a large complex that contained courtyards, shrines, temples, and priestly apartments. The 40-acre area was enclosed by a massive wall more than 10 metres high, with 13 fake doorways and just one actual entry. To prevent potential intruders, a 40-meter wide ditch was excavated around the outside wall. Only those with special clearance were allowed to enter the amazing monument.
The pyramid is made up of six massive tiers of mastabas that grow smaller as they move closer to the top. This graphic depicts Djoser’s elevation to the status of a deity. The interior decorations likewise express the Pharaoh’s majesty and importance. Many of the inside walls are intricately and extensively carved, and the walls of the burial chamber were covered with rare blue glazed tiles.
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