The Egyptian Geological Museum: A Ship in the Sea of fossils
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The Egyptian Geological Museum: A Ship in the Sea of fossils

The Egyptian Geological Museum is considered the first of its kind in the Arab world and the Middle East. It is located on the Nile Corniche in Maadi and is over a hundred years old.

It includes a meteorite from Mars and a dinosaur.. The Egyptian Geological Museum

The Egyptian Geological Museum

The Egyptian Geological Museum is a museum located in Zahraa El Maadi, Egypt. The museum was established in 1901 following the establishment of the Egyptian Geological Survey in 1896, which was ordered by Khedive Ismail. The Egyptian Geological Museum is the first of its kind in the Middle East, the Arab world, and Africa.

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The museum displays various samples of rocks, minerals, and fossils arranged and classified, and the first samples that were presented in the museum were the samples collected from Fayoum for the fossils of mammalian vertebrates in 1898 and sent to England in 1899 for identification and study, and then returned to Egypt.

The Egyptian Geological Museum

The museum is served by a library with references dating back to 1778, as well as modern references and bibliographies, which are available to the public and scholars. The museum also houses some laboratories specialized in mineral and petrology studies and fossils (vertebrates and invertebrates). Models of rare vertebrate fossils were made to facilitate detailed studies and the preservation of original specimens.

The Egyptian Geological Museum

The Museum participates in studies of reserves and prominent geological features in order to increase public environmental awareness. Joint research and collaboration with other international geological surveys, universities, and museums are among the museum’s main interests, as the museum collaborated with Duke University (USA), the Toronto and Milan Geological Museums (Italy), and the Natural History Museum in London (UK). The museum also provides support to the local museums in universities and schools, which includes providing samples and training for secondary school teachers and specialists from other scientific institutions.

The Egyptian Geological Museum

During World War II, most of the important samples were buried in the sand so that they would not be subject to damage if the place was bombed. After the war, the samples were returned to display in the Geological Museum.

The collections are distributed in the galleries of the museum, where they are displayed using modern scientific methods and supervised by a group of geologists. The museum displays a large collection of minerals and rocks, arranged and classified according to the latest divisions. Among the exhibits in the hall are a group of precious stones, a group of amber and wrought shells belonging to the former royal family, and donated groups of natural and synthetic sapphires.

The Egyptian Geological Museum

The museum has many vertebrate fossils in addition to a complete skeleton of a whale of the same type that was discovered in 1901 by the English scientist, Bidenell. It also contains the first fossilized bones, which were discovered by the scientist George Schwenforth in 1879 in Lake Qarun in Fayoum.

The museum also includes a meteorite originating from Mars, a meteorite that fell on the village of Nakhla in the Buhaira Governorate in 1908 and is one of only 33 meteorites in the world originating from Mars.

Also read : The Valley of Kings:How Ancient Egyptians Lived and Worked

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