The wonder of The statue of Khafre .This statue, known as “Khafre Enthroned,” is one of ancient Egypt’s most famous and recognizable surviving sculptures. It shows king Khafre of the Fourth Dynasty (ca. 2500 BCE), somewhat larger-than-life and seated on a lion-pawed throne.
The statue of Khafre represents a great fact about Egypt art and its beauty.
He was the son of Khufu and the third king of the fourth dynasty. He was Egypt’s ruler for 25 years.
He owns the Giza plateau’s second pyramid, as well as the complex that surrounds it, which includes a valley temple on the eastern side of the pyramid, a mortuary temple, and a causeway. He is also the mastermind behind the construction of the Great Sphinx.
He has a variety of statues, some of which were discovered in the Valley of Kings. Granite, alabaster, and limestone are among the stone types used in their statues.
The description of The statue of Khafre
The statue of Khafre is composed of diorite that was imported from Nubia’s quarries, particularly Abu Simbel. It was unearthed in a hole in the valley temple of Khafre by Mariette’s workers in 1860.
The statue’s initial site was most likely the colonnaded hall, where we could discern rectangular areas on the ground, most likely for statue placement.
The monarch is depicted as seated on a pillared throne with a high back. He is shown in life-size proportions.
He is represented by all signs of royalty, which are based on Egyptian art’s major qualities. These are the characteristics:
- The nemes hat, the protective cobra on his forehead, the royal kilt, and the fake royal beard. The complete face is well-represented, with high cheekbones, a broad nose, and a large mouth.
- His eyes are shown staring ahead to the horizon from the level of all human beings, which is a symbol of divinity.
- He has a robust broad chest, and the muscles and veins of the arms and legs, as well as the king’s toes, are extremely well rendered. This validated the sculptor’s expertise, as diorite was a difficult stone to cut.
- He is pictured with his two hands on his thigh, the right hand closed clutching a folded piece of material to emphasize his muscles as a sign of power, while the left hand is represented with an extended palm which is a gesture of mercy, thus the king combines both power and mercy.
- The throne over which the monarch sits is flanked on both sides by a lion’s head and two frontal legs, which are set on top of drums to maintain the statue’s equilibrium.