Facts about obelisks in Egyptian civilization
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Facts about obelisks in Egyptian civilization

obelisks in Egyptian civilization is one of the most famous aspects of ancient Egyptian art.The obelisk may be found in the capitals of countries all over the world; it is a tall, slender, and engraved edifice that resembles a needle.

The obelisk was known as “tn” in ancient Egyptian civilization, and when the Arabs arrived in Egypt, they referred to it as “Masallah.”

Ancient Egypt obelisk, Facts about obelisks in Egyptian civilization:

obelisks in Egyptian civilization

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The obelisk of ancient Egypt is a granite architectural element that was fastened to the ground; it has four sides and a pyramidal top at the end.The ancient Egyptian obelisk is adorned with a number of baboons that are adoring the sun. The inscriptions on the obelisk refer to the pharaoh and the god to whom the obelisk was dedicated.

This architectural feature is positioned on the temple’s right and left sides, and it views the sky to connect it to the earth. Aside from its artistic value, the ancient Egyptian obelisk had religious significance as well, since it was one of the first sacred symbols established by the Egyptians to worship the deity Re.

The religious significance of obelisks

obelisks in Egyptian civilization

According to some experts, the ancient Egyptian obelisk was a symbol of the sun rising and reflecting on the Earth through its pyramidal top, as stated in the pyramid inscriptions.

Other academics said that the obelisk had the same purpose as the pyramid, serving as a symbolic mausoleum since the summit of the obelisk represented the primordial hill where creation began.

The History of Ancient Egyptian Obelisks

obelisks in Egyptian civilization

It appears that the development of the ancient Egyptian obelisk corresponded with the appearance of the sun doctrine in Heliopolis, but we have yet to uncover any obelisks before the 5th dynasty.

The obelisks were an important feature of the sun temples, and we discovered several obelisks in the Abusir temples.The ancient Egyptians built two obelisks for each deity during the New Kingdom, and this practise continued until the Greco-Roman period.

One of the most renowned two obelisks, the obelisks constructed within Queen Hatshepsut’s scarlet chapel, is still found and its height is around 33.20m, while the other was demolished.

Some ancient Egyptian obelisks were discovered outside of Egypt.

obelisks in Egyptian civilization

The practice of relocating obelisks began before Christ. According to many sources, after conquering Egypt in 665 BC, the Assyrian monarch “Baneeb” brought two bronze obelisks to Nineveh, Assyria’s capital.

The Romans also brought a number of obelisks to Rome. Two obelisks from the reign of King Thutmose III may be seen in London and New York, as well as another for Queen Cleopatra.

Four ancient Egyptian obelisks date back to the reign of King Ramses II; one of them was constructed in front of the Luxor Temple and was moved by French soldiers in 1833.

A number of obelisks were carried to Italy, including King Thutmose IV’s obelisk, which stands 30.70m tall and was moved to Alexandria in 33 AD, then to Byzantium, and finally to its current location in front of Saint Giovanni church in Rome.

The Vatican’s ancient Egypt obelisk of King Amenhotep II, which is 25.5 metres tall and is located in the yard of Saint Boutros, was brought from Heliopolis to Rome and subsequently to the Vatican.

Also read : Music in ancient Egyptian civilization

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